The Tashkent Agreement was signed on January 10, 1966, between India and Pakistan, to resolve the ongoing conflict between the two neighbors, following the Indo-Pakistani War of 1965.
The Agreement was signed by the then Indian Prime Minister Lal Bahadur Shastri and Pakistani President Ayub Khan, under the mediation of Soviet Premier Alexei Kosygin, in Tashkent, Uzbekistan.
The Tashkent Agreement was a significant step towards peace and stability in the region, as it provided for the withdrawal of troops to their pre-war positions, the resumption of diplomatic relations, and the release of prisoners of war.
However, the Agreement was not a complete success, as it failed to address the underlying issues that led to the conflict, including Kashmir and border disputes. The failure to address these issues would lead to further conflicts between the two countries in the years to come.
The Tashkent Agreement also had a significant impact on the domestic politics of India and Pakistan. In India, it was seen as a significant achievement of the Shastri government, which had come to power after the sudden death of Jawaharlal Nehru, the country`s first Prime Minister. However, Shastri`s sudden death just hours after signing the Agreement in Tashkent would lead to speculation and conspiracy theories regarding the circumstances surrounding his death.
In Pakistan, the Agreement was seen as a humiliation, as the country`s military had been confident of victory in the war. The Agreement would eventually lead to the downfall of Ayub Khan`s government and the rise of Zulfikar Ali Bhutto, who would become the country`s first democratically elected Prime Minister.
In conclusion, the Tashkent Agreement was a significant event in the history of India and Pakistan, as it marked a crucial step towards peace and stability in the region. However, the failure to address the underlying issues that led to the conflict would lead to further conflicts in the years to come. The Agreement also had a significant impact on the domestic politics of both countries, with India viewing it as an achievement, and Pakistan seeing it as a humiliation.